When viel/einige/all/beide/sämtilch/wenig is before a "singualr Nomen", how it changes? Does it change like "dieses" or strong change like an adjective?

As you know, the only difference between "dieses" and "strong change" is on the "Genitiv" of "Maskulin" and Neutrum":

Strong change:

  • Genetiv Maskulin: -n(vielen+singualr Nomen);
  • Genetiv Neutrum: -n(vielen+singualr Nomen).

Change like "dieses":

  • Genetiv Maskulin: -s(vieles+singualr Nomen);
  • Genetiv Neutrum: -s(vieles+singualr Nomen).

I am really confused on this. Some books tell me they change like "dieses". But on the website canoonet, I found they stong change like adjective. (Only "all" and "manch" can change both like "dieses" and adjective)

Thank you!

2 Answers

2votes

When viel/einige/all/beide/sämtilch/wenig is before a "singualr Nomen", how it changes? Does it change like "dieses" or strong change like an adjective?

Alle, beide, sämtliche behave like a definite article, since they denominate definite quantities.

Viele, einige, wenige denominate indefinite quantities, so they behave like the indefinite article.

Manch~ is an exception as an indefinite quantity and behaves like solch~ and welch~: When used with an adjective ending themselves, they behave like the definite article. When used without an adjective ending, they behave like a zero-article, so the following adjective takes the ending of the demonstrative article.

1vote

viel/einige/alle/beide/sämtilche/wenig hardly stand before a singular noun because they indicate a plural.

In some rare case, they might do so anyway. Viel and wenig can in some cases but doesn't change then ("viel Geld", "wenig Essen", both neutrum and I also can't imagine a masuline or feminine word where you could use viel or wenig).

The other words mentioned by you require beeing followed by a plural noun and always end with an e (you misstype "alle" and "sämtliche", they don't have a form without e at the end)

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