Adjectives that end ‘-ed’ (e.g. ‘bored’, ‘interested’) and adjectives that end ‘-ing’ (e.g. ‘boring’, ‘interesting’) are often confused.


Adjectives ending in -ed show what has happened to a person or thing.

Adjectives ending in -ing show the effect which something has on a person or thing.

Example: If you meet someone who makes you laugh then he is amusing. You are always amused when you speak to him.


Compare the difference:

  • My girlfriend is bored. - (My girlfriend feels bored)
  • My girlfriend is boring. - (My girlfriend is a boring person)
  • I am confused. - (I don't understand something)
  • I am confusing. - (I will cause you to be confused)


-ed / -ing adjectives:



Excellent collection. Thanks a lot!


learning day by day!, thanks!
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