A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns.

Types of pronouns: personal, relative, demonstrative, indefinite, reflexive, intensive, interrogative, possessive, subject and object.


Demonstrative Pronouns:

A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things:

  • near in distance or time (this, these)
  • far in distance or time (that, those)

Relative Pronouns:

A relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a relative clause. It is called a "relative" pronoun because it "relates" to the word that its relative clause modifies.

In English, the relative pronouns are:

  • That
  • Which
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose

Indefinite Pronouns:

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things.

The indefinite pronouns are:

Plural: both, few, many, others, several

Intensive Pronouns:

The intensive pronouns (also called emphatic pronouns) are myself, yourself,herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves.

These words can be either intensive pronouns or reflexive pronouns.

An intensive pronoun refers back to another noun (or pronoun) in the sentence to emphasize it.

Reflexive Pronouns:

The reflexive pronouns are myselfyourselfherselfhimselfitselfourselves,yourselves and themselves.

These words can be either reflexive pronouns or emphatic pronouns.

A reflexive pronoun is used with another noun (or pronoun) when something does something to itself.

Interrogative Pronouns:

We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. 

There are four main interrogative pronouns: whowhomwhatwhich

Notice that the possessive pronoun whose can also be an interrogative pronoun (an interrogative possessive pronoun).

Reciprocal Pronouns:

The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another. They are convenient forms for combining ideas. 


There are only two reciprocal pronouns, and they are both two words:

  • each other
  • one another

A reciprocal pronoun expresses a mutual action or relationship. 


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