When we speak continuously, we use gap fillers. These words or short phrases are said when we search for words. 


Here is a list of some ‘fillers’ we use frequently in English:

  • well 
  • after all
  • I mean 
  • sort of 
  • kind of 
  • say 
  • the thing is 
  • in other words
  • by the way
  • ook here
  • first of all 
  • above all 
  • maybe 
  • as far, as to 
  • anyway
  • in short
  • so
  • in a word 
  • in brief 


Sometimes people make sounds to keep a conversation going on. Try to avoid these sounds as they are a sign of weakness.

  • ahh
  • er
  • um


Hesitation strategies:



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