We divide questions into:
- W–Questions (Open Questions) - „Woher kommst du?“ – „Ich komme aus Deutschland.“
- Yes/No Questions (Closed Questions) - „Kommst du aus Deutschland?“ – „Ja/Nein.“
Ways to ask questions in German:
You can form a question just by changing the tone of your voice to give a regular sentence the sound of question.
Du denkst and die Reise. – You are thinking about the trip.
Du denkst and die Reise? – Are you thinking about the trip?
2. The tag “nicht wahr”
Another way of forming questions in German is by adding the tag nicht wahr to your statement – which equals English “do you?”, “doesn’t it”, “are you”, etc.
Du bist nicht müde, nicht wahr? – You are not tired, are you?
You can form questions by reversing the subject noun/pronoun and conjugated verb.
Du gehst nach Hause. – You are going home.
Gehst du nach Hause? – Are you going home?
German question words
Wie viel? (How much?)
Wie viele? (How many?)
W–Questions are questions with question words.
Wer - This is one of the two W-words (Fragewörter) that are declinable.
Was - Is almost identical with wer' s declination