I would like to know the rules for using gerunds and infinitives. I would also like to have a list with the verbs which are always followed by a gerund and/ or infinitive. Thank you!

1 Answer

3votes

bluebird 1670
  1. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

  • Reading helps you learn English. subject of sentence
  • Her favorite hobby is reading. complement of sentence
  • I enjoy reading. object of sentence

Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not."

Examples:

  • He enjoys not working.
  • The best thing for your health is not smoking.

2.Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

  • To learn is important. subject of sentence
  • The most important thing is to learn. complement of sentence
  • He wants to learn. object of sentence

Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not."

Examples:

  • I decided not to go.
  • The most important thing is not to give up.

Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects. List of Verbs Followed by Gerunds

Some verbs are followed by infinitives. List of Verbs Followed by Infinitives

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